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The Role Hormones Play In The Aging Process And The Skin

 As we go through hormonal changes, whether we are teenagers or going through midlife aging process, the body has its own way of talking to us. It is very important to listen to what it has to say and take care. Sometimes we tend to get used to certain little symptoms but it’s best not to. 

First, it is important to understand it. At this time we will discuss the general functions of Hormones ruled by the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is an endocrine (hormone-producing) gland. It is one part of a special messenger system, helping to regulate a wide variety of the body’s functions. The pituitary gland helps to control your body’s functions by releasing hormones (special chemical messengers) into your bloodstream. These hormones are transported in your blood to their target. Here they usually cause the release of a second hormone. The target can either be specialized endocrine glands or other types of body tissue such as groups of cells.

 

The pituitary gland is often called the “master gland” because it controls several other hormone-releasing glands such as the ovaries, adrenals and testes.

 

Where is the pituitary gland found?

About the size of a pea, the pituitary is found at the base of the brain, behind the bridge of your nose. The pituitary is very close to another part of the brain, called the hypothalamus.

Your body is in a constant state of change. Your heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature all change in response to what you do and your surroundings. Your body has special systems that constantly monitor these and other vital functions. Not only must these systems monitor changes, they must also respond and help the body to restore balance. One of these systems involves the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland.

 

The hypothalamus receives information from many sources about the basic functions of your body. It uses the information it receives to help regulate these functions. One of the ways the hypothalamus does this involves controlling the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus does this by using its own hormones to communicate with the pituitary.

 

Among the things monitored by the hypothalamus is the level of various hormones in the blood. The hypothalamus has special cells which receive information from the body indicating how much of each hormone is present in the bloodstream. When these hormones drop below a particular level this stimulates the hypothalamus to release hormones. These hormones travel to the pituitary gland, acting as the signal to the pituitary to produce one or more of its hormones. The hormones produced by the pituitary are released into the bloodstream. The bloodstream transports the pituitary hormones to other endocrine glands, such as the thyroid gland.

 

ImageThe pituitary gland hormones may then stimulate their target endocrine glands to produce their own hormones. These locally produced hormones do the actual work of regulating your body. For example, hormones produced by the thyroid increase the body’s metabolic rate. In some cases, high levels of locally produced hormones stop the hypothalamus and pituitary releasing more of their own hormones. This principle is called negative feedback, and it prevents hormone levels from rising too high.

 

 

The anterior pituitary makes and releases several hormones

Hormone released

Main target

Function

Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)

Adrenal glands

Stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. Cortisol is important in controlling your metabolism, blood sugar levels and blood pressure. It is also an anti-inflammatory agent, and helps your body to resist certain stresses such as bleeding or fasting.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

Ovaries (women)

Testes (men)

Stimulates the ovaries to produce an ovum (egg) for fertilization. Also causes an increase in the hormone estrogen.

Stimulates the testes to produce sperm.

Growth hormone (GH)

Many different cells of the body

The most well-known effect in children is to increase height. In adults and children it helps to control the amount of muscle and fat in the body. It also helps to heal injuries and it promotes your immune system.

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Ovaries (women)

Testes (men)

Triggers ovulation – the release of what will become an ovum (egg) ready for fertilization.

Stimulates cells in the testes to produce testosterone

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)

Brain

The exact role in humans is unknown. It may influence brain activity; when too much is present, it may cause darkening of the skin.

Prolactin

Breast

Together with other hormones, prolactin stimulates the breasts to produce milk. 
It is also found in women who aren’t pregnant. Men also have prolactin, but its function is not understood well.

Thyroid-stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Thyroid Gland

TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce its own hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
These hormones help to control many bodily functions, including heart rate, temperature and metabolism.

 

The Posterior Pituitary Makes and Releases Just Two Hormones

Hormone released

Main target

Function

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Kidneys

Decreases urine production. (It causes more water filtered by the kidneys to be returned to the blood. This decreases the amount of urine.)
ADH also causes a rise in blood pressure.

Oxytocin

Breast and uterus

Stimulates contraction of the uterus (womb) during childbirth. Helps breasts to release milk.

 

As we look at the whole picture we can easily realize the importance of hormonal balance and the role they play in our aging process.

 

Reducing stress in the body by exercising, eating a balanced and nutritious diet and getting plenty of sleep is essential, not to mention a great happy outlook on life. The brain is a conductor; it can take us places we most likely choose as our destination in the body and in our life. 

 

Externally, we help to design a regime that combines a proper chemistry for each and every one of you. Chemistry will change at times, according to what’s the state of the skin and the internal most essential state of the body. 

 

There is so much to know when it comes to the aging process :)) please email us with any questions you may have as an individual so we can help you make proper choices to create ultimate results. 

 

Stay tune for MORE!

 

Vicki Morav 

 

 

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